Tips for painting and creating bright blue with layered oils

Create bright blue with oils has been a fascination of artists for centuries because of the relationship both with the blue sky to the sea. In addition, the blue pigments made were very valuable in the middle Ages and the Renaissance, since the blue had a special meaning.

Ground

You must take into account the surface and the terrain on which you are painting. IF you paint a canvas with traditional white oil, you will set a bright white surface that will allow the light to reflect through the back layers on top. The white primed canvas will remain the point brightest in a paint and paint finely layered with blue make white plays a key role in keeping the clear and bright blue.

Pigments

Choosing the right paint pigment for your determine the brightness of blue. The oils are made by mixing pigments with flaxseed, walnut or sunflower oil. Prussian blue and oversea will blend well with turpentine for a quick drying or oil for a slow and luminous drying. Try mixing turpentine and oil to create a faster drying coat that will retain its luminosity. Cerulean is a bright blue pigment that will be brighter than ultramarine or cobalt blue, but may not sit so well because of the opaque and intrinsic nature of the pigment.

Covers

Be aware of how the different colors will react in an optical way. The bright yellow or white will brighten the blue by setting it at the top. On the other hand, a deep black opaque or dark under the blue, will darken it. It is also possible to put the painting in layers with a drying technique called bonding colors. When painting with blue without mixing it with oil, you allow to see more the base paint and see through patches, giving quality to the work.

Relationship to canvas

As you paint, consider the other colors used in your painting. Blue may appear brighter according to adjacent colors. For example, mixing the cerulean with white next to an opaque black mountain will make the blue appear brighter due to the contrast created against the black. Also, take into account the relationship between the blue to the other bright colors in the painting. If the paint offers bright oranges and yellows, your blue may look darker by comparison. Look at the canvas as a whole to determine the relationship between the blue and your image in general.

How to use acrylic paint for shadows and details

Use paint acrylic has its advantages but also its limitations. The colors are bright, although they are more similar to watercolors to oils. The basis of acrylic paints are vinyl resins, this makes the paint forms a stable and elastic layer. It is diluted with water, thanks to which it can be cleaned with soap and water, it does not leave odor and oil can be painted over, as long as the acrylic paint is perfectly dry. Making shadows and details with acrylic is a bit difficult, but with enough practice you will master this technique.

Indications

  1. First determine the areas of light and shadow that your painting will have. The background, that is to say everything that is in the last plane of the painting, can be only diffuse stains of color. Use a very loose brush to create this depth in the box. When you see an image the background appears blurred, so do not define the strokes. On the other hand, those objects that are closer must be defined more.
  2. If the painting is realistic you must take into account the types of body and how light impinges on them. The shape of the object will create a special shadow and the variety of tones you use will depend on it. With acrylics you must work layer by layer, creating depth with a lot of patience. Place the colors in the palette from lighter to darker. As they dry fast just put the amount of paint you will use in the next ten minutes.
  3. Use dark tones to make shadows and light tones to give light. The black color is not the only one that serves to make shadows, Monet, for example, used blue and red colors to create shadow effects. Thanks to the Impressionist painters the chromatic variety of the shadow was revolutionized. Mix the paint you are going to use on the palette.
  4. Follow the shape of the object when making the brushstrokes that will give the shadow, this way the volume will be accentuated. The shadow projecting the object can go in a stronger tone than the shadow within the object. To know where the projected shadow goes you have to know where the light comes from. Observe a real object to clear all your doubts about the shadow and details.
  5. To work the details you can use cat tongue brushes to help you create a thin line. For thin lines use paintbrushes that are very thin and are used with diluted paint. Do not be afraid to paint freehand, put layers of colors, experiment and let your creativity say the last word.

Tips & Warnings

  • Corrections in acrylic paint are made on what is already painted because this material dries very quickly.

How dilute latex paint

Latex paint is water-based paints. Usually, this is thicker than oil-based paint and must be diluted with water, especially if you try to spread a thin coat of paint on the surface with a nozzle or spray paint gun. Dilute the paint requires care to achieve the proper viscosity for application and prevent this is too diluted.

  1. Open the can of paint. If the paint is in a metal can, take a flathead screwdriver. Shoes head screwdriver under the lid. Press the screwdriver handle to loosen the seal. Repeat this process three or four times around the cover. When this opens, get her out of the paint.
  • This method can be used in both old paint cans as new.
  1. Stir the paint. Use a stick to paint latex paint stir for 5 to 10 minutes. Stir the paint with a spiral upward and downward movement. This will combine the heavy molecules that sit on the bottom with the lighter molecules that sit on top.
  • Another method for mixing paint is repeatedly pouring a bucket or can of paint to another.
  • Instead of a rod for painting, using an electric drill with an accessory for mixing paint.
  1. Evaluates the consistency of the paint. Look at the paint leaving the painting rod. Take the rod paint and hold it on the paint can. If the paint is clear from the rod looks like a uniform, thick cream, it does not require the dilute and actually do may return unusable. If paint is in the rod or in lumps follows, needs the dilute.
  • You can also use a funnel to evaluate the consistency of the paint. Hold a funnel over the paint. Use a ladle to pour the paint into the funnel. If this runs easily, then the paint is diluted enough. If does not run easily through the funnel, must be diluted.

How to paint my drawers

Lost antique furniture and a set of drawers is a good way to recycle old furniture and put them back to good use. Usually, it is profitable and you can easily make furniture to suit your tastes. Often, all you need for a comfortable old back to life is a new coat of paint. You can quickly paint the old drawers with semi-gloss latex paint to give your drawers a painted surface long lasting. The same process also works for unpainted wooden surfaces and new drawers, drawers veneered panels and even colors.

Instructions

  1. Empty the drawers of any content and place them on a tarp to prevent paint fall on your carpet. Place the cabinet on the canvas as well unless you’re not comfortable painting to match the drawers.
  2. Remove the handles of the drawers with a screwdriver and set them aside.
  3. Put masking tape behind drawer faces and around the portion of the drawer box to prevent paint get reach wood surfaces not receiving paint.
  4. Sanding wood surfaces with dry sandpaper 600 grit to give the area better primer adhesion. Clean the drawers and cabinet with a tack cloth to remove any dust. If the drawers were previously painted or stained, you do not have to bare wood sanding. Also, if the wood is unpainted or veneered, you should go ahead and complete the stage sanding. This will smooth the wood fibers exposed and scrape the surface of metal to give the primer something to adhere.
  5. Apply a latex primer paint roller and paint roller wheel through the prepared surfaces in the drawers and dresser. A paint roller apply an even layer and avoid brush marks. It allows enough time for the primer to dry weather. Follow the instructions on the can for drying times so you can take into account the moisture in the paint area. If the drawers do not have paint on them, a second layer may be necessary. On the drawers painted sheet should require only one layer.
  6. Apply a latex semi-gloss paint to a paint roller and paint roller wheel through the prepared surfaces in the drawers and dresser. Again, it allows enough time for the paint to dry time.
  7. Inspects completed for any point where you can view the sample surface primer. If you find any, adds a second layer of semi-gloss paint for drawers.
  8. Leave 24 hours for drying, remove the painter’s tape drawer and reconnects accessories.

Tips & Warnings

  • If your drawers cracks not removed by sanding, you can use wood putty to fill imperfections after completing the sanding process. Add the filling, wait for it to dry and then complete one second sanding to level the filling with the surface of the wood. This will hide any imperfections.
  • You can replace a paint roller with a paint gun without air, which generate a finer and smoother surface. You can use a brush if you want textured paint. Use a roller to the primer and the first layer of latex, then apply a second coat with a brush.

How to paint an iron gate

An iron gate is used to create an entry through a fence or on the road entrance to the house, and provides an element of security attractive for your property. As on iron can grow mold because it is outside, the door will require regular maintenance to maintain its attractive appearance. Before painting an iron gate you must prepare the surface of the material properly. If the iron surface does not have rust, paint will adhere effectively.

Instructions:

  1. Rub the wire brush on the iron door to remove rust and peeling paint. Perform this step carefully so that the wire bristles penetrate into the cracks of the Iron Gate.
  2. Sand the surface iron with a rough rasp and sandpaper to remove any oxide which protects the metal. Continues sanding to remove all rust and, if necessary, sanding the areas where iron is exposed.
  3. Soak a cloth with mineral and rub alcohol on the iron surface.
  4. Place a plastic tarp on the floor and on surfaces around the door to protect these areas from splashes of chemicals and paint.
  5. Mixture of 15 parts water and 1 part of phosphoric acid in a bucket. Wets the door with water. Put on gloves and dip a cloth into the mixture of acid and rub it on the Iron Gate to neutralize any rust that is left on the door. Let the acid solution sit on the surface for five minutes and then rub the iron gently with a brush to remove remaining oxide. Rinse the door with water and let it dry.
  6. Rub again on wire brush to remove any iron oxide is loose on the surface after treatment with phosphoric acid.
  7. Shake a can of spray metal primer vigorously for at least three minutes and hold the can at a distance of 12 inches (30 cm) of the door. Primer sprayed evenly over the iron moves forward and backward slowly to the aerosol spray evenly over the surface. Continue stirring and applying the aerosol to coat iron evenly with the primer. Let the product dry completely during the time recommended on the label.
  8. Shake the spray paint in the same way you did with the primer and hold the paint container the same distance iron you did it with the above product. Spray paint on iron with the same technique as the previous step: starting from the top of the door, spraying paint slowly to the bottom. Make paint penetrates every crevice of iron. Let the paint dry completely before using the door.

Achieving an antique look with gold paint

Although there are many antique items available in most home improvement and craft stores, you can save money by using gold paint in combination with other materials to create a faux antique gold finish. You can paint any article to have an antique gold finish with the right paints and primers, but ceramic or wood items with a natural matte finish will not give much brightness.  To receive an old appearance, a gold finish with give you the antique look with the best results.

Instructions

  1. Clean the surface with a damp cloth in soapy water to remove any residual grease or dirt. Dry completely.
  2. Sand the surface lightly with 120-grit sandpaper to remove stains or minor dents. Clean the surface with an anti-static cloth to remove dust. Sand the surface again with 180-grit sandpaper to make the surface very smooth.
  3. Paint the surface with gold paint. Add one or two more layers, allowing each layer before applying the next.
  4. Sand the painted surface lightly with 220 or 240 grain sandpaper. Focus on the areas that regularly show wear such as corners, the upper and lower parts of the surface and areas frequently used.
  5. Dip a clean brush into dark varnish or coffee paint. Remove the excess on a paper towel. Lightly brush the brush on the surface, leaving much of gold paint visible.
  6. Remove any excess varnish or paint from the surface. Allow to dry.

Tips & Warnings

  • Apply the gold paint in thin layers to avoid smudging.
  • Brush the coffee paint or varnish very slightly. If it is thick, consider thinning with paint solvent or water for a better result.

How to paint the walls of your basement

Paint the walls of your basement not only it serves to improve their appearance, but can protect your home from moisture damage. The basement walls are generally porous cement, so that moisture can accumulate there and grow mold. This can cause damage to the structure. Use these tips to paint the walls of your basement.

  1. Remove the old paint from the walls. The masonry paint sticks to the porous walls, so you should remove any paint that has already before repainting. If you do not, would the freshly painted wall cracks or air bubbles, which would cause it to flake. Use sandpaper or a wire brush for this process.
  2. Fill cracks and holes in the concrete. To repair the walls of your basement, using fast – setting hydraulic cement, which is available in most home stores. Use the manufacturer ‘s instructions for application.
  3. Remove mildew stains.
  • Take two tablespoons of bleach to a quart of warm water. Use a sponge or cloth wet with the solution to scrub the stain until it disappears.
  • Use a commercial rust remover, which can get in a store for home, where they buy paint.
  1. Clean the walls. The walls of the basement must be free of dust, dirt and oil before you start painting.
  • Remove loose dirt with a broom. Rubbing clean the walls with a damp cloth.
  • Clean the walls with a trainer, a product that serves to harden the surface. This makes the paint stick better and you can get at any home store. Follow the instructions on the product for your application.
  • Use trisodium phosphate (TSP) to clean the walls. The TSP is an alkali used for cleaning masonry surfaces. You can get it at any store for home. Follow the instructions on the product for your application. Please note that this product is very toxic and is not allowed in certain places because of problems with the environment.
  • Hire a cleaning company masonry for their services. Masonry professionals who specialize in clean basement walls use highly toxic products such as muriatic acid. Do not try to use this product yourself. Even the smallest contact can cause severe burns and blindness.
  1. Let the walls dry.
  2. Choose the paint specially designed for concrete and masonry. The concrete sealer will adhere to the walls better than normal basement and give more durability and protection.
  3. Mix the filler. Without removing the lid, stir quickly to mix the sealer.
  4. Check the primer in a bucket or paint tray.
  5. Applies the filler. Covers generously entire surface of the walls with the filler.
  • Use a large brush polyester / nylon or a roller to apply the sealer. The brush should be between 5 and 8 cm. To use a roll cover between 1 and 2 cm.
  • First make the edges of the walls. Begins to apply the sealer in a corner and then along the edges of the walls (also in conjunction with the chest and the floor) by a line of 5 cm.
  • Spread the primer on the walls in sections of 1 x 0.5 meters. While you apply, review joints for consistent coverage.
  1. Let the primer dry completely. At least 8 hours.
  2. Choose a paint for walls. It should be a waterproof paint masonry, especially for porous cement surfaces. Water resistance will function as a moisture barrier.
  • Choose a color that complements your decor. Masonry paint comes in a wide range of colors and can be purchased at any home store.
  1. Mix the paint. Without removing the cap, vigorously stirring the paint to mix the contents.
  2. Use a paint tray.
  3. Paint the walls of the basement. For best results and greater protection against moisture, apply two or three coats of paint.
  • Use a brush polyester / nylon or a roller to apply the paint. The brush should be between 4 and 10 cm. If use a roller, this should have a cover of between 1 and 2 cm.
  • Begins at the edges. Begins a corner and follows the connections of the walls, ceiling and floor making a contour of 5 cm.
  • Paint the walls in sections of 1 x 0.5 meters. While you apply the paint, review the above to have a consistent cover. To prevent water from dripping paintbrush, hit her against the tray or bucket after soaking to avoid excess paint.
  • Let the paint for 4 hours between each layer you go to apply dry.
  • Evaluate your work after the second coat of paint. You may need to apply a third or retouch certain parts.
  1. Let the paint dry completely.

Tips

  • Before you start painting, out of the room at any pet or object that could be damaged by paint or fumes from this. Move furniture to the center of the room so do not be obstacles when you go to paint.
  • If your basement is freshly made, you should let the cement dry for 30 days before painting.
  • Contact your waste collection service for disposal of paint and primer unused.
  • Paint the walls of your basement in a ventilated room with a temperature between 10 and 30 degrees Celsius. If your basement has windows, open them and also consider using a fan to increase ventilation.

Warnings

  • The paint fumes can be toxic, especially for children and pregnant women. Keep pets, children and pregnant women out of the basement when they are painting.
  • When you clean the walls with chemicals, wear protection, especially gloves and safety glasses. Chemicals can cause burns and blindness.

Paint your basement may contain lead, which is toxic and can cause severe health problems. Always wear a mask when you line up the previous painting the walls. Immediately clean the paint serves with a vacuum cleaner or mop.

Paint products can be harmful if ingested. Keep them away from pets and children.

How to make dark wood lighter

If you try to apply a light-colored stain on top of an existing dark finish, you will not notice much difference. To completely alter the color of the wood’s finish, remove the existing paint using an oil based solvent. Once you have removed the original finish from the wood, you can add a lighter color stain. Liquid coatings are well suited for softwoods, but tend to dry unevenly on most hardwoods. For a light finish that’s uniform, choose a specific type of paint that look beautiful on both soft and hard woods.

Instructions

  1. Wear a mask and protective gloves. Remove the polyurethane finish by sanding the with an electric sander equipped with grain 50 sandpaper. Be sure to move the sander along the grain of the wood otherwise the results could cause be damage to the wood. Go over the wood again with 100 grain sandpaper.
  2. Clean sawdust from wood using gauze.
  3. Lighten dark wood by wiping it with a solvent, using a nylon pad. Stop once the wood is clear. Wait an hour for the solvent to evaporate.
  4. Applying a clear gel paint using a brush made for wood. Immediately clean the wood gel using rags.
  5. Brush the gel paint using mineral spirits. Let the paint dry for four hours.
  6. Apply a layer of polyurethane sealant using a natural brush. Move the brush with the grain of the wood. Let the sealer dry for two hours.

Tips & Warnings

  • Always use a mask when working with solvents or gases as the fumes can be very overwhelming. Similarly, use rubber gloves so you don’t suffer rashes or burns.

Calculating costs painting work – Part 3

 

  1. Find out what the prices are often raised in each of the local markets to attend, as well as for different types of customer are.
  • One way to fix tariffs in which you can trust is using analysis of “cost of living”. In other words, start figuring out how much is your time worth as a professional. Made from there an offer. Then find out what other painters in the area charge. You can do this by calling and asking for an estimate.
  • Contractors want their budgets are competitive: no higher than the competition unless the quality is definitely higher, but not significantly lower.
  1. Remember that experience counts. The novice painters should not expect to receive the same rates than those with 20 years in the business. However, they should not also offer their labor at cost, especially if they want to do quality work.

Tips

  • Know your customers. When it comes to getting good prices for a job, a little conversation can be very productive. Ask your customers to specify the work as possible, this will clarify more work that takes and what it might be. Making quick estimates it could take to make erroneous quotes.

Warnings

  • Regarding tools for estimating projects, you do not need expensive software – especially because in general, you would be difficult to include all these factors in a program. Be your own expert including all these factors, and those who consider it appropriate to include in a single Excel spreadsheet or similar program. A good worksheet can easily include all your costs broken down. These estimates detailed impress your clients for your professionalism and certainly make your contribution clearer.

Calculating costs painting work – Part 2

 

  1. Calculate the cost of consumables. It estimates the total cost of items such as masks, boots, paper, cover tape, cleaning supplies, and other disposable item that is to be used at work.
  2. Add the cost of your work. This will vary depending on how easy it works, and how experienced you are.
  • If you are a very experienced painter and the walls are smooth and clean with few obstacles, the work will be fast, so take that into account in calculating the price of labor.
  • If you’re new, it may take longer than you expect. Make sure you’re working for a profit, but you have to be aware that if you take 10 hours to do the same job as an experienced painter can do in 2 would do well not charge more than an experienced painter.
  • Practice calculating your time at first, so you know how much it takes to paint a blank wall. For example, if you take 10 seconds per square foot paint a new wall, a wall 12 feet long x 10 feet high, plus the time it takes you to mask the wall and recharge your brush or roller, you can estimate 40 minutes that wall.
  • With experience you will come to know the more gets you a wall with a rougher texture.
  • Each obstacle adds to the time spent on a wall, including windows, frames, moldings, etc.
  • Add up all the time necessary to finish the job and multiply by the price per hour. This is the cost of work.
  1. Calculate indirect costs. If you are in the business full time, have a certain amount of overhead. Add them to your estimate.
  • For example, if you take an office and pay $ 5.000 euros per year operating expenses, and expect to do 100 jobs in the year to transfer the entire burden of costs to your customers you should add $ 50 to each job. Think of these expenses as if they were expenses “Shipping and handling”
  • Add transportation and other daily expenses. When you have completed the estimated time, divide the project in days. Each day project should be assigned their own transportation charges, gasoline, and all other expenses involved in order to do the job. If these costs are not calculated, a contractor could end up without enough money to cover their costs.