Whether you’re budgeting for a paint job or buying to paint your home or business, it is important to take into account the following to calculate the price. A quote is generally based on the cost of materials plus the cost of labor (time x hourly rate), but there are other factors that affect both. Here are a few factors you should consider when you are estimating the price of a paint job.
- Evaluates the work. Look at the site to be painted and notes the basic work and the factors that determine whether it will be a quick job or a long and meticulous work.
- When the work is painting a house, see if you have to work around external obstacles like bushes, support hose and water meters, these complicate a paint job considerably.
- Interior, integrated as countertops and cabinets or dressers accessories need to be considered in time estimates.
- You also need to specify in advance whether the team of painters or the customer who will move furniture and everything that is hanging on the walls.
- How high are the walls? Are there vaulted ceilings? Working on stairs makes the job takes much longer, as the painters have to come up with tools, paint the area down again with his tools, move the ladder, and start the whole process again with the stairs. There are also risks added when working with a ladder.
- How is the texture of the walls? Rough walls can absorb up to 10% more paint smoother walls.
- Calculate the area to paint. For the most accurate assessment of how much paint is needed, you need to calculate the total area you will be painting. Use this formula:
- Add the length of all walls together: [long wall 1] + [long wall 2] … + [long wall n] = [total length];
- Calculate the area by multiplying the height by the total length: [total length x height]
- For an estimate, subtract 20 square feet for each door and 15 square feet for each window. If you want more exact numbers, measures the area of windows and doors, and subtract the total area to be painted. [Total area – (area of the doors + window area).
- Example: a rectangular room, 12 feet x 14 feet, 10 feet high, a door and two windows:
- Walls = (12 + 12 + 14 + 14) x 10 = 520 square feet;
- Door and 2 windows = (20 + 15 + 15) = 50 square feet.
- Total area = 520-50 = 470 square feet.
- Calculate your needs painting. Calculated this using the resulting total area, and planning to use 2 coats of paint. A gallon of paint will cover approximately 350 400 square feet in smooth walls, 300-350 square feet of walls with rougher textures. Adds 10% as waste or underestimates, and rounded to the nearest gallon. Using the example above:
- 470 x 2 = 1276 square feet
- Smooth walls: 1276 ÷ 350 = 3.64; adds 10% (.36 gallon) = 4 gallons
- Walls of rough textures: 1276 ÷ 300 = 4.25; adds 10% (.43 gallon) = 4.68, or 5 gallons
- If you are painting glued panels, the final number multiplied by 1.5 since you are adding a significant amount of area per board.
- Do not forget to add a layer of primer, if necessary. This will be a factor in both time and materials.
When painting the furniture in your room update them and give them a style fresh and new. Use paint black to give the furniture old or retro modern look, or lightens dark wood with white paint. For future redecoration, realize the lounge chairs. Allow paint and clear varnish is cured for five days prevents the finish from being scratched or damaged.
- Remove the foundations of seats dining chairs, turning and using a screwdriver to remove the screws. Reserve bases of the seats.
- Lina furniture with sandpaper grit 100. This is important for the furniture fits with a glossy finish, whether you paint as paint or varnish. Unfinished wood does not require sanding. Use a damp sponge to wipe the cabinet and remove sanding dust.
- Applying a primer based oil with a brush. It is not necessary that the layer is perfect. Let dry completely.
- Applying a layer of semi-glossy latex paint over the primer using a clean brush. Let the paint dry completely, then apply a second coat. The paint layers must be thin. Let the second coat dry completely.
- Apply two coats of clear varnish with a clean brush after the paint has dried. Let the paint dry between coats. Let the varnish is cured for five days before using the table or chairs.
- Reposition the chairs, putting them in place the screws .
Tips & Warnings
- White latex paint works on oil-based primer.
The painting epoxy is one of several types of paint that exists. It can be applied both surfaces inside as outside, but is commonly used to cover the interior floors. When dry, the epoxy hardens, it becomes a durable surface, making it the perfect choice to cover the floors. The biggest disadvantage is that it has slightly toxic gases and is difficult to use for non – experienced person. In addition, if mishandled or if the painted surface does not dry evenly, it can be extremely difficult and expensive to fix.
The epoxy paint is extremely strong and impact resistant, so it will not break, will crack or leave if they fall or drag objects on it. Because of this feature, this type of paint are commonly used in warehouses, garages and mechanical workshops.
Most epoxy paints are not slippery even when wet or oiled. Using an epoxy based system with two parts water and acrylic, epoxy paint provides a safe and non-slippery surface. If it is an area of heavy traffic, you should consider using a slip-resistant epoxy layer, which provides a textured surface for an extra level of protection that exceeds the requirements of the agencies Underwriters Laboratories (underwriters laboratories) and American Society for Testing and Materials (Society American for the evaluation of Materials). This additional textured surface is commonly used in platforms, ramps, machinery shops and marinas.
Most epoxy paints are fireproof or fire resistant. They can withstand temperatures up to 200 ° C or 390 ° F. To ensure that an epoxy paint has this feature, check the product packaging. This type of paint is used on emergency exits, commercially airlines and in places of production and storage of explosives.
When dry, the epoxy paint provides a seal that protects concrete groundwater and any liquid or water to spill on the floor. This painting also resists chemical spills.
The paint electrostatic linking process is electrically and chemically special layers of paint to metal surfaces. An artifact of spray paint electrostatic charge positively paint particles as they leave the spray gun. The metallic paint receiving surface is negatively charged. The painting is immediately attracted to the surface because of the attraction of electric charges of opposite sign. The electrostatic painting is an effective process for some applications.
Performance and durability of the paint applied electrostatically surpasses any other type of coat of paint. Each particle paint is electrically connected to the metal surface. The result is a flawless finish that dries quickly and is extremely durable. During the manufacturing process of electrical household, office furniture and cars, finishing topcoats generally applied with electrostatic paint.
Highly toxic paints
Electrostatic paintings are based solvent and contain high gloss enamel with an extremely high percentage of volatile organic compounds. During the application process, electrostatic paint releases a large amount of toxic fumes, therefore, the application site should be reviewed rigorously and have a high rate of ventilation. In a closed environment, the vapors may accumulate, creating a danger of explosion and health hazard to the operator.
High initial costs
In addition to the high cost of paint and coatings, the need to apply electrostatic painting equipment it is much more expensive than similar capacity equipment Airless high volume low pressure (HVLP by its acronym in English) of spray paint. A painting contractor can buy commercial airless sprayer capacity for less than $ 250 (2011 prices). A HVLP similar equipment used to paint and varnish it can cost US $ 100 or more. Artifacts for electrostatic painting cost 10 times those figures. Portable commercial grade equipment for electrostatic painting sold for US $ 3,000 to US $ 4,000.
Narrow target market
The target market for electrostatic painting is very narrow. Electrostatic painting is widely used to make furniture officiate, appliances and automobiles, however, to expand this market requires an expensive marketing work and develop an extensive network of contacts. A contractor painting work with an existing business can add electrostatic painting services offered, and absorb the initial cost while developing the activity. However, in this narrow industry, a contractor wishing to provide services only electrostatic painting may not be able to get enough work to justify their initial expenses.
If you want to paint a chrome bike, you should consider some important factors. Because chromium is not suitable for membership, this requires special treatment before application of paint, or otherwise reject its new finish. The same techniques of abrasion based friction used for preparation of vinyl, plastic and fiberglass are suitable for chromium. However, when it comes to painting chrome, these methods are not enough. After abrading, chromium requires such special primer for hard and resistant surfaces.
- Remove the handle, chain, seat and bicycle wheels using a wrench.
- To improve adhesion, sand the chrome structure with sandpaper. Carve well until the surface is dull.
- Put on the rubber gloves. Clean the chrome with the wax remover and a thick sponge. Remove the wax remover with the water hose. Wait two to four hours for the bike to dry.
- Cover the parts of the bicycle you do not want to paint with the painter’s tape. Place the bicycle on heavy duty cloth rags.
- Cover frame with aerosol primer. Hold the can 8 inches (20.32 cm) from the surface of the bicycle. Wait four hours for it to dry.
- Covers the bicycle frame prepared with the oil-based enamel. Hold the can 8 inches (20.32 cm) as you apply it. Wait 12 hours before using the bike.
Tips & Warnings
- Wear a respirator if you are working in an area with poor ventilation.
- Never paint chrome without sanding, because if you do the finish will look bad.
- Never paint on chromium that has not been treated, as the paint will fall off.
- Do not use acrylic latex or oil based primer on a chrome bike, as the finish will not be good.
Painted tiles bathroom is an excellent alternative to spending a lot of money changing them. Discolored or ugly tiles in your shower or a table can be fixed using epoxy, latex or paint to oil. If you are thinking of painting your tile, determine the wear and moisture level before choosing the paint.
Aerosol paints, enamels and epoxies are not suitable for tiles because they are easily peeled. However, acrylic paint applied to a clean and primed wall works well for a professional finish. In addition to the paint, you will only need a few more things to do a quick makeover in the bathroom.
- Place the dust collecting sheets around the work area to collect all that can be generated by sanding.
- Clean the tile. Use the sponge and abrasive cleaner to wash and remove all soap scum. This will help you get rid of the shine. Continue to clean any dirty crevices with the nail brush and bleach. Rinse the wall with warm water to remove the cleaner and let it dry.
- Remove any glitter residue from the tile with the orbital sander. This step is the most important and defines the quality and duration of your work. If the paint is glossy on the tile, it can peel in a week.
- Clean the tile dust and apply the primer. Make sure it is oil-based and highly tacky. These are best for blocking stains and provide a more adhesive base to the paint. Apply two coats of primer and let dry between them.
- Sand the coating gently to remove surface defects. Clean the dust with a damp cloth.
- Paint the tile with oil paint using a brush. Apply two or three thin layers of glossy tile paint allowing too dry between one application and the next. Let the last layer dry for two to three days.
- Finish the job by applying two layers of urethane using a natural bristle brush.
- Allow the urethane to dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions. If you are in a shower, wait a day or two before the piece gets wet.
Bathrooms are one of the most private rooms in a house – but at the same time are always in sight of all guest. If the furniture in your bathroom looks a bit worn out or old, you can restore it with a new coat of bright paint, a job that will take only a weekend and enjoy for several years.
- Buy paint and base. If the furniture is made of knotty wood or has stains that could suppurate through the new paint, apply a blocking base paint. You have to choose between latex and oil paint. Latex paint is an interesting option because it dries quickly, is resistant to mold, has no odor and is cleaned with water. Choose a glaze with gloss or satin for extra durability.
- Prepare the work area by putting paper or discard papers on the floor and close to all furniture.
- Remove doors, drawers, shelves, and bathroom cabinet handles using a screwdriver.
- Clean all surfaces you plan to paint. Most bathroom furniture will be cleaned with a multi-purpose household cleaner. For heavily soiled or greasy surfaces, trisodium phosphate (TSP) can be used. TSP is an aggressive chemical, and you should be careful to follow its instructions use. Rinse surfaces thoroughly with water and dry thoroughly.
- Scrape all defective or porous paint using a spatula.
- Fill with the aid of a spatula all hollow or mark with putty or cover pores for wood using a spatula for putty. When the putty is dry, remove all excess from the surface by sanding with fine sandpaper (180 grit) until smooth.
- Sand all surfaces you plan to paint, which will create a “jagged” or rough effect in such a way that the base paint and the final paint will adhere correctly. Uses 150 or 180 thick sandpaper.
- Remove all dust from the surfaces of the bathroom cabinet using a cleaning cloth or a grille.
- Mask with tape any surface that you do not want to paint by accident.
- Paint the doors, shelves and drawers of the cabinet with the base paint, applying a thin layer, and let it dry.
- Paint with the base paint the interior of the furniture if you plan to paint it inside. Let it dry.
- Apply the first coat of paint to the door, drawers and shelves. Make long strokes and pairs, apply a thin coat of paint and once dry apply a second coat.
- Apply a coat of paint on the inside of the cabinet, if necessary. Apply a second layer once the first one dries.
- Replace the door, drawers, shelves and handles once the paint is completely dry. Latex paints can take 14 to 30 days to completely dry. The drying time of the paints appear in the paint can.
Tips & Warnings
- Do not skimp the drying time between coat and coat of paint, as you run the risk of preventing the paint from adhering properly. The recommended drying time is in the same paint cans.
- Take the time to thoroughly mix the paint when you open the can for the first time, as well as at regular intervals while painting.
- Some bathroom furniture is not suitable for painting. Good results are achieved with solid wood, wood coatings and metal surfaces, but the paint will not adhere correctly to plastic laminate cabinets.
- If you are scraping and sanding a surface of wood that has already been painted, it is best to use masks and safety glasses.
Paints can be combined with base common as latex, which are composed of water. You can mix leftovers or cans smaller paint latex to obtain a greater amount uniform color. This can be a useful way to use leftover paint, to take better advantage of what you already have or even to clarify the colors of latex paints pigmented with white or light colors. Before mixing, you should know what type of latex paint you have and how to mix it.
- Check a color circle to decide which colors to combine the paintings you already have. The tones that appear between the colors of your painting are the closest to the final result you will get. If your current paint colors are not primary (red, yellow, or blue), you might end up with a neutral, brown, or beige color.
- Inspect paint can labels. Only mix exterior latex paint with another of the same type. Also, mix only interior latex paint with another of the same variety. Ignore the gloss of the finish of the paintings, as the final result will have a level of brightness between the two mixed tones. For example, mixing a semi-gloss paint with an opaque paint will give you a gloss like an egg shell or a satin finish.
- Place the paintings in a five-gallon bucket (20 liters).
- Thoroughly mix the paint with a mixing rod. Continue mixing for a couple of minutes once the color becomes consistent, just to make sure you have fused the paintings completely.
- Pour the mixed paint into separate containers for tight storage, if you are not going to use it immediately.
Tips & Warnings
- Never mix oil paintings with latex paints.