How to paint the walls of your basement

Paint the walls of your basement not only it serves to improve their appearance, but can protect your home from moisture damage. The basement walls are generally porous cement, so that moisture can accumulate there and grow mold. This can cause damage to the structure. Use these tips to paint the walls of your basement.

  1. Remove the old paint from the walls. The masonry paint sticks to the porous walls, so you should remove any paint that has already before repainting. If you do not, would the freshly painted wall cracks or air bubbles, which would cause it to flake. Use sandpaper or a wire brush for this process.
  2. Fill cracks and holes in the concrete. To repair the walls of your basement, using fast – setting hydraulic cement, which is available in most home stores. Use the manufacturer ‘s instructions for application.
  3. Remove mildew stains.
  • Take two tablespoons of bleach to a quart of warm water. Use a sponge or cloth wet with the solution to scrub the stain until it disappears.
  • Use a commercial rust remover, which can get in a store for home, where they buy paint.
  1. Clean the walls. The walls of the basement must be free of dust, dirt and oil before you start painting.
  • Remove loose dirt with a broom. Rubbing clean the walls with a damp cloth.
  • Clean the walls with a trainer, a product that serves to harden the surface. This makes the paint stick better and you can get at any home store. Follow the instructions on the product for your application.
  • Use trisodium phosphate (TSP) to clean the walls. The TSP is an alkali used for cleaning masonry surfaces. You can get it at any store for home. Follow the instructions on the product for your application. Please note that this product is very toxic and is not allowed in certain places because of problems with the environment.
  • Hire a cleaning company masonry for their services. Masonry professionals who specialize in clean basement walls use highly toxic products such as muriatic acid. Do not try to use this product yourself. Even the smallest contact can cause severe burns and blindness.
  1. Let the walls dry.
  2. Choose the paint specially designed for concrete and masonry. The concrete sealer will adhere to the walls better than normal basement and give more durability and protection.
  3. Mix the filler. Without removing the lid, stir quickly to mix the sealer.
  4. Check the primer in a bucket or paint tray.
  5. Applies the filler. Covers generously entire surface of the walls with the filler.
  • Use a large brush polyester / nylon or a roller to apply the sealer. The brush should be between 5 and 8 cm. To use a roll cover between 1 and 2 cm.
  • First make the edges of the walls. Begins to apply the sealer in a corner and then along the edges of the walls (also in conjunction with the chest and the floor) by a line of 5 cm.
  • Spread the primer on the walls in sections of 1 x 0.5 meters. While you apply, review joints for consistent coverage.
  1. Let the primer dry completely. At least 8 hours.
  2. Choose a paint for walls. It should be a waterproof paint masonry, especially for porous cement surfaces. Water resistance will function as a moisture barrier.
  • Choose a color that complements your decor. Masonry paint comes in a wide range of colors and can be purchased at any home store.
  1. Mix the paint. Without removing the cap, vigorously stirring the paint to mix the contents.
  2. Use a paint tray.
  3. Paint the walls of the basement. For best results and greater protection against moisture, apply two or three coats of paint.
  • Use a brush polyester / nylon or a roller to apply the paint. The brush should be between 4 and 10 cm. If use a roller, this should have a cover of between 1 and 2 cm.
  • Begins at the edges. Begins a corner and follows the connections of the walls, ceiling and floor making a contour of 5 cm.
  • Paint the walls in sections of 1 x 0.5 meters. While you apply the paint, review the above to have a consistent cover. To prevent water from dripping paintbrush, hit her against the tray or bucket after soaking to avoid excess paint.
  • Let the paint for 4 hours between each layer you go to apply dry.
  • Evaluate your work after the second coat of paint. You may need to apply a third or retouch certain parts.
  1. Let the paint dry completely.

Tips

  • Before you start painting, out of the room at any pet or object that could be damaged by paint or fumes from this. Move furniture to the center of the room so do not be obstacles when you go to paint.
  • If your basement is freshly made, you should let the cement dry for 30 days before painting.
  • Contact your waste collection service for disposal of paint and primer unused.
  • Paint the walls of your basement in a ventilated room with a temperature between 10 and 30 degrees Celsius. If your basement has windows, open them and also consider using a fan to increase ventilation.

Warnings

  • The paint fumes can be toxic, especially for children and pregnant women. Keep pets, children and pregnant women out of the basement when they are painting.
  • When you clean the walls with chemicals, wear protection, especially gloves and safety glasses. Chemicals can cause burns and blindness.

Paint your basement may contain lead, which is toxic and can cause severe health problems. Always wear a mask when you line up the previous painting the walls. Immediately clean the paint serves with a vacuum cleaner or mop.

Paint products can be harmful if ingested. Keep them away from pets and children.

How to make dark wood lighter

If you try to apply a light-colored stain on top of an existing dark finish, you will not notice much difference. To completely alter the color of the wood’s finish, remove the existing paint using an oil based solvent. Once you have removed the original finish from the wood, you can add a lighter color stain. Liquid coatings are well suited for softwoods, but tend to dry unevenly on most hardwoods. For a light finish that’s uniform, choose a specific type of paint that look beautiful on both soft and hard woods.

Instructions

  1. Wear a mask and protective gloves. Remove the polyurethane finish by sanding the with an electric sander equipped with grain 50 sandpaper. Be sure to move the sander along the grain of the wood otherwise the results could cause be damage to the wood. Go over the wood again with 100 grain sandpaper.
  2. Clean sawdust from wood using gauze.
  3. Lighten dark wood by wiping it with a solvent, using a nylon pad. Stop once the wood is clear. Wait an hour for the solvent to evaporate.
  4. Applying a clear gel paint using a brush made for wood. Immediately clean the wood gel using rags.
  5. Brush the gel paint using mineral spirits. Let the paint dry for four hours.
  6. Apply a layer of polyurethane sealant using a natural brush. Move the brush with the grain of the wood. Let the sealer dry for two hours.

Tips & Warnings

  • Always use a mask when working with solvents or gases as the fumes can be very overwhelming. Similarly, use rubber gloves so you don’t suffer rashes or burns.

Calculating costs painting work – Part 3

 

  1. Find out what the prices are often raised in each of the local markets to attend, as well as for different types of customer are.
  • One way to fix tariffs in which you can trust is using analysis of “cost of living”. In other words, start figuring out how much is your time worth as a professional. Made from there an offer. Then find out what other painters in the area charge. You can do this by calling and asking for an estimate.
  • Contractors want their budgets are competitive: no higher than the competition unless the quality is definitely higher, but not significantly lower.
  1. Remember that experience counts. The novice painters should not expect to receive the same rates than those with 20 years in the business. However, they should not also offer their labor at cost, especially if they want to do quality work.

Tips

  • Know your customers. When it comes to getting good prices for a job, a little conversation can be very productive. Ask your customers to specify the work as possible, this will clarify more work that takes and what it might be. Making quick estimates it could take to make erroneous quotes.

Warnings

  • Regarding tools for estimating projects, you do not need expensive software – especially because in general, you would be difficult to include all these factors in a program. Be your own expert including all these factors, and those who consider it appropriate to include in a single Excel spreadsheet or similar program. A good worksheet can easily include all your costs broken down. These estimates detailed impress your clients for your professionalism and certainly make your contribution clearer.

Calculating costs painting work – Part 2

 

  1. Calculate the cost of consumables. It estimates the total cost of items such as masks, boots, paper, cover tape, cleaning supplies, and other disposable item that is to be used at work.
  2. Add the cost of your work. This will vary depending on how easy it works, and how experienced you are.
  • If you are a very experienced painter and the walls are smooth and clean with few obstacles, the work will be fast, so take that into account in calculating the price of labor.
  • If you’re new, it may take longer than you expect. Make sure you’re working for a profit, but you have to be aware that if you take 10 hours to do the same job as an experienced painter can do in 2 would do well not charge more than an experienced painter.
  • Practice calculating your time at first, so you know how much it takes to paint a blank wall. For example, if you take 10 seconds per square foot paint a new wall, a wall 12 feet long x 10 feet high, plus the time it takes you to mask the wall and recharge your brush or roller, you can estimate 40 minutes that wall.
  • With experience you will come to know the more gets you a wall with a rougher texture.
  • Each obstacle adds to the time spent on a wall, including windows, frames, moldings, etc.
  • Add up all the time necessary to finish the job and multiply by the price per hour. This is the cost of work.
  1. Calculate indirect costs. If you are in the business full time, have a certain amount of overhead. Add them to your estimate.
  • For example, if you take an office and pay $ 5.000 euros per year operating expenses, and expect to do 100 jobs in the year to transfer the entire burden of costs to your customers you should add $ 50 to each job. Think of these expenses as if they were expenses “Shipping and handling”
  • Add transportation and other daily expenses. When you have completed the estimated time, divide the project in days. Each day project should be assigned their own transportation charges, gasoline, and all other expenses involved in order to do the job. If these costs are not calculated, a contractor could end up without enough money to cover their costs.

Calculating costs painting work – Part 1

Whether you’re budgeting for a paint job or buying to paint your home or business, it is important to take into account the following to calculate the price. A quote is generally based on the cost of materials plus the cost of labor (time x hourly rate), but there are other factors that affect both. Here are a few factors you should consider when you are estimating the price of a paint job.

  1. Evaluates the work. Look at the site to be painted and notes the basic work and the factors that determine whether it will be a quick job or a long and meticulous work.
  • When the work is painting a house, see if you have to work around external obstacles like bushes, support hose and water meters, these complicate a paint job considerably.
  • Interior, integrated as countertops and cabinets or dressers accessories need to be considered in time estimates.
  • You also need to specify in advance whether the team of painters or the customer who will move furniture and everything that is hanging on the walls.
  • How high are the walls? Are there vaulted ceilings? Working on stairs makes the job takes much longer, as the painters have to come up with tools, paint the area down again with his tools, move the ladder, and start the whole process again with the stairs. There are also risks added when working with a ladder.
  • How is the texture of the walls? Rough walls can absorb up to 10% more paint smoother walls.
  1. Calculate the area to paint. For the most accurate assessment of how much paint is needed, you need to calculate the total area you will be painting. Use this formula:
  • Add the length of all walls together: [long wall 1] + [long wall 2] … + [long wall n] = [total length];
  • Calculate the area by multiplying the height by the total length: [total length x height]
  • For an estimate, subtract 20 square feet for each door and 15 square feet for each window. If you want more exact numbers, measures the area of ​​windows and doors, and subtract the total area to be painted. [Total area – (area of ​​the doors + window area).
  • Example: a rectangular room, 12 feet x 14 feet, 10 feet high, a door and two windows:
    • Walls = (12 + 12 + 14 + 14) x 10 = 520 square feet;
    • Door and 2 windows = (20 + 15 + 15) = 50 square feet.
    • Total area = 520-50 = 470 square feet.
  1. Calculate your needs painting. Calculated this using the resulting total area, and planning to use 2 coats of paint. A gallon of paint will cover approximately 350 400 square feet in smooth walls, 300-350 square feet of walls with rougher textures. Adds 10% as waste or underestimates, and rounded to the nearest gallon. Using the example above:
  • 470 x 2 = 1276 square feet
  • Smooth walls: 1276 ÷ 350 = 3.64; adds 10% (.36 gallon) = 4 gallons
  • Walls of rough textures: 1276 ÷ 300 = 4.25; adds 10% (.43 gallon) = 4.68, or 5 gallons
  • If you are painting glued panels, the final number multiplied by 1.5 since you are adding a significant amount of area per board.
  • Do not forget to add a layer of primer, if necessary. This will be a factor in both time and materials.

Antique furniture paint your dining room

When painting the furniture in your room update them and give them a style fresh and new. Use paint black to give the furniture old or retro modern look, or lightens dark wood with white paint. For future redecoration, realize the lounge chairs. Allow paint and clear varnish is cured for five days prevents the finish from being scratched or damaged.

Instructions

  1. Remove the foundations of seats dining chairs, turning and using a screwdriver to remove the screws. Reserve bases of the seats.
  2. Lina furniture with sandpaper grit 100. This is important for the furniture fits with a glossy finish, whether you paint as paint or varnish. Unfinished wood does not require sanding. Use a damp sponge to wipe the cabinet and remove sanding dust.
  3. Applying a primer based oil with a brush. It is not necessary that the layer is perfect. Let dry completely.
  4. Applying a layer of semi-glossy latex paint over the primer using a clean brush. Let the paint dry completely, then apply a second coat. The paint layers must be thin. Let the second coat dry completely.
  5. Apply two coats of clear varnish with a clean brush after the paint has dried. Let the paint dry between coats. Let the varnish is cured for five days before using the table or chairs.
  6. Reposition the chairs, putting them in place the screws .

Tips & Warnings

  • White latex paint works on oil-based primer.

Advantages of epoxy paint

The painting epoxy is one of several types of paint that exists. It can be applied both surfaces inside as outside, but is commonly used to cover the interior floors. When dry, the epoxy hardens, it becomes a durable surface, making it the perfect choice to cover the floors. The biggest disadvantage is that it has slightly toxic gases and is difficult to use for non – experienced person. In addition, if mishandled or if the painted surface does not dry evenly, it can be extremely difficult and expensive to fix.

Impact resistant

The epoxy paint is extremely strong and impact resistant, so it will not break, will crack or leave if they fall or drag objects on it. Because of this feature, this type of paint are commonly used in warehouses, garages and mechanical workshops.

Not slippery

Most epoxy paints are not slippery even when wet or oiled. Using an epoxy based system with two parts water and acrylic, epoxy paint provides a safe and non-slippery surface. If it is an area of ​​heavy traffic, you should consider using a slip-resistant epoxy layer, which provides a textured surface for an extra level of protection that exceeds the requirements of the agencies Underwriters Laboratories (underwriters laboratories) and American Society for Testing and Materials (Society American for the evaluation of Materials). This additional textured surface is commonly used in platforms, ramps, machinery shops and marinas.

Fire resistant

Most epoxy paints are fireproof or fire resistant. They can withstand temperatures up to 200 ° C or 390 ° F. To ensure that an epoxy paint has this feature, check the product packaging. This type of paint is used on emergency exits, commercially airlines and in places of production and storage of explosives.

Water resistance

When dry, the epoxy paint provides a seal that protects concrete groundwater and any liquid or water to spill on the floor. This painting also resists chemical spills.

Advantages and disadvantages of electrostatic painting

The paint electrostatic linking process is electrically and chemically special layers of paint to metal surfaces. An artifact of spray paint electrostatic charge positively paint particles as they leave the spray gun. The metallic paint receiving surface is negatively charged. The painting is immediately attracted to the surface because of the attraction of electric charges of opposite sign. The electrostatic painting is an effective process for some applications.

Increased performance

Performance and durability of the paint applied electrostatically surpasses any other type of coat of paint. Each particle paint is electrically connected to the metal surface. The result is a flawless finish that dries quickly and is extremely durable. During the manufacturing process of electrical household, office furniture and cars, finishing topcoats generally applied with electrostatic paint.

Highly toxic paints

Electrostatic paintings are based solvent and contain high gloss enamel with an extremely high percentage of volatile organic compounds. During the application process, electrostatic paint releases a large amount of toxic fumes, therefore, the application site should be reviewed rigorously and have a high rate of ventilation. In a closed environment, the vapors may accumulate, creating a danger of explosion and health hazard to the operator.

High initial costs

In addition to the high cost of paint and coatings, the need to apply electrostatic painting equipment it is much more expensive than similar capacity equipment Airless high volume low pressure (HVLP by its acronym in English) of spray paint. A painting contractor can buy commercial airless sprayer capacity for less than $ 250 (2011 prices). A HVLP similar equipment used to paint and varnish it can cost US $ 100 or more. Artifacts for electrostatic painting cost 10 times those figures. Portable commercial grade equipment for electrostatic painting sold for US $ 3,000 to US $ 4,000.

Narrow target market

The target market for electrostatic painting is very narrow. Electrostatic painting is widely used to make furniture officiate, appliances and automobiles, however, to expand this market requires an expensive marketing work and develop an extensive network of contacts. A contractor painting work with an existing business can add electrostatic painting services offered, and absorb the initial cost while developing the activity. However, in this narrow industry, a contractor wishing to provide services only electrostatic painting may not be able to get enough work to justify their initial expenses.

How to Paint a Chrome Bike

If you want to paint a chrome bike, you should consider some important factors. Because chromium is not suitable for membership, this requires special treatment before application of paint, or otherwise reject its new finish. The same techniques of abrasion based friction used for preparation of vinyl, plastic and fiberglass are suitable for chromium. However, when it comes to painting chrome, these methods are not enough. After abrading, chromium requires such special primer for hard and resistant surfaces.

Instructions

  1. Remove the handle, chain, seat and bicycle wheels using a wrench.
  2. To improve adhesion, sand the chrome structure with sandpaper. Carve well until the surface is dull.
  3. Put on the rubber gloves. Clean the chrome with the wax remover and a thick sponge. Remove the wax remover with the water hose. Wait two to four hours for the bike to dry.
  4. Cover the parts of the bicycle you do not want to paint with the painter’s tape. Place the bicycle on heavy duty cloth rags.
  5. Cover frame with aerosol primer. Hold the can 8 inches (20.32 cm) from the surface of the bicycle. Wait four hours for it to dry.
  6. Covers the bicycle frame prepared with the oil-based enamel. Hold the can 8 inches (20.32 cm) as you apply it. Wait 12 hours before using the bike.

Tips & Warnings

  • Wear a respirator if you are working in an area with poor ventilation.
  • Never paint chrome without sanding, because if you do the finish will look bad.
  • Never paint on chromium that has not been treated, as the paint will fall off.
  • Do not use acrylic latex or oil based primer on a chrome bike, as the finish will not be good.

How to Paint A Ceramic Tile On The Bathroom Wall

Painted tiles bathroom is an excellent alternative to spending a lot of money changing them. Discolored or ugly tiles in your shower or a table can be fixed using epoxy, latex or paint to oil. If you are thinking of painting your tile, determine the wear and moisture level before choosing the paint.

Aerosol paints, enamels and epoxies are not suitable for tiles because they are easily peeled. However, acrylic paint applied to a clean and primed wall works well for a professional finish. In addition to the paint, you will only need a few more things to do a quick makeover in the bathroom.

Instructions

  1. Place the dust collecting sheets around the work area to collect all that can be generated by sanding.
  2. Clean the tile. Use the sponge and abrasive cleaner to wash and remove all soap scum. This will help you get rid of the shine. Continue to clean any dirty crevices with the nail brush and bleach. Rinse the wall with warm water to remove the cleaner and let it dry.
  3. Remove any glitter residue from the tile with the orbital sander. This step is the most important and defines the quality and duration of your work. If the paint is glossy on the tile, it can peel in a week.
  4. Clean the tile dust and apply the primer. Make sure it is oil-based and highly tacky. These are best for blocking stains and provide a more adhesive base to the paint. Apply two coats of primer and let dry between them.
  5. Sand the coating gently to remove surface defects. Clean the dust with a damp cloth.
  6. Paint the tile with oil paint using a brush. Apply two or three thin layers of glossy tile paint allowing too dry between one application and the next. Let the last layer dry for two to three days.
  7. Finish the job by applying two layers of urethane using a natural bristle brush.
  8. Allow the urethane to dry according to the manufacturer’s instructions. If you are in a shower, wait a day or two before the piece gets wet.